Wetlands-Bogs and Fens


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Bogs and Fens
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Autumn colors on marshs, bogs, and fens at back of Stephenville Crossing Pond and marsh grasses at back of Crossing Autumn colors on marsh Spruce and Tamarack on bog October 2002

A peat-bog is a poorly drained area covered by mats of moss. The moss slowly decomposes in successive layers to eventually form a material called peat. The two types of peatbogs that are seen in the area behind Stephenville Crossing are bogs and fens.

These peatbogs are home to Orchids, Pitcher Plants, sedges, grasses, bog rosemary, bog laurel, sphagnum, pond lilies, and many wildflowers. Another tasty treat for residents and visitors are bakeapples, and blueberries which are found there in great numbers.


Berry Pickers on bog

Bogs and fens are also home to animals and insects. In our area you may see partridge, geese, foxes, rabbits, wild ducks, bog butterflys, woodlice, ants, and and even occasional bear or moose. Osprey are also seen nesting in areas close to water.

Newfoundland has more in common with Ireland than the many immigrants that came to Newfoundland. Here is an excellent site about bogs in Ireland, which are quite similar to those found in Newfoundland. In

bogs,the process of decomposition and peat formation is further advanced than in fens, making the soil and water more acidic. The groundwater level in bogs is close to the surface. The vegetation, mainly peat moss, shows the effect of a general lack of nutrients.


Deep peatmoss layer in bog area behind Stephenville Crossing Example of peatpond at the back of Stephenville Crossing

Bog area near new water tower Peat bog area at back of Crossing


fens,sedges are the predominant vegetation, although other mosses that require less acidic conditions may grow there.

Sedge grasses and Tamarack growing in fens back of Stephenville Crossing Sedge grass growing at back of Crossing Pitcher Plants growing in fen area at back of Stephenville Crossing

Environment Canada's site will give you a more detailed description of the different types of

WetlandsThere has been minimal use of the bog areas in Stephenville Crossing for residental development and peat harvesting has not taken place, which means our bogs and fens remain intact.

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